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  1. Alarming trends show an increase in referrals of girls with suspected early puberty. However, variations in defining precocious puberty exist. GnRH stimulation test is the gold standard diagnostic test, which ...

    Authors: Yasmine Abdelmeguid, Omneya Abdelkarem and Shaymaa Raafat
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:50
  2. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of systemic immune-inflammatory index and systemic inflammation response index in predicting early renal impairment in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (...

    Authors: Rehab Elmeazawy, Sarah El Shall, Manal Zaki AbdElsamea and Mohammed Helmi Emara
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:49
  3. Among inherited blood diseases, sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most common, and its prevalence is rising worldwide. People with SCD often have abnormal lung function, which can lead to other health problems ...

    Authors: Abla S. Mostafa, Dina H. Hamed, Basma B ELSayed, Amina M Kholeif and Ilham Youssry
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:47
  4. Sickle hepatopathy is the hepatobiliary dysfunction associated with sickle cell disease. It has a varied spectrum ranging from asymptomatic transaminasemia to gallstones or fulminant liver failure. Hepatobilia...

    Authors: Aditi Kumar, Rashmi Ranjan Behera, Samarendra Mahapatro, Ranjan Patel, Hemanta Nayak and Amit Kumar Satapathy
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:46
  5. Childhood and adolescence are critical periods for physical and mental development. For that, sounding the alarm for the warning signs and red flags of children’s mental health disorders is important to promot...

    Authors: Nesreen Mosbah Elsayed Mohamed, Fawzia Nabeel Mohammad Abd-Elmageed and Rasha Abdelateef Abdelaziz Ramadan
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:45
  6. Sickle cell nephropathy is a complication of sickle cell disease characterized by functional abnormalities of the kidney and glomeruli. Our study aimed to investigate the single-nucleotide genetic variants in ...

    Authors: Mona Hamdy, Iman Shaheen, Hadi Ramadan, Fatma Abdel Wahab Abdel Maksoud and Yasmin Mohamed Ramadan
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:43
  7. With the rapid development of perinatal medicine and neonatal resuscitation technology, neonatal mortality gradually reduces, but sepsis is still a neonatal critical illness and an important cause of death. Th...

    Authors: Di Chi, Wanxu Guo, Junjiao Liu, Wenhui Gao, Yuan Wang and Yunfeng Zhang
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:37
  8. Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a disease with favorable outcomes in most cases. Failure to respond to steroids is one of the most important predictors of clinical outcome. We performed a retrospective study on 51 ...

    Authors: Youmna Ahmed Hassan Elbeltagi, Mahmoud Mohi El Din El Kersh, Hanan Mohammad Fathy and Nancy Abdel-Salam Kamel
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:35
  9. Febrile neutropenia is a medical emergency and remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, it is defined as a temperature > 38.3 °C (101 °F), or a sustained temperature > 38.0 °C (100.4 °F) for mor...

    Authors: Radwa Abdel-Raheem Radwan, Ilham Youssry, Rasha Abdelraouf Abdelzaiz Afifi, Afaf Mohamed Samy El Banna, Mariam Mahmoud Mohammed Balah and Eman Abdel El Raouf Mohammed
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:34
  10. Neonatal intestinal obstruction is a complex condition that poses challenge in management. Prompt recognition and appropriate management are crucial to prevent complications. We present a case of a term neonat...

    Authors: Asha Mudugere, Antaryami Pradhan, Vijay Kumar and Debasish Nanda
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:33
  11. Renal salt wasting (RSW) is primarily seen with central nervous disorders and is characterized by hyponatremia, elevated urinary sodium excretion, increased urine output, and hypovolemia. Although there have b...

    Authors: Innama Maryam, Rufaida Mazahir, Afreen Khanam, Uzma Firdaus and Syed Manazir Ali
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:32
  12. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is a rare disease in children, sometimes associated with acute, life-threatening, rapidly progressive course requiring prompt management. The aim of our study is to describe ...

    Authors: Noha El-Anwar, Hafez Bazaraa, Fatma Abdel Maksoud and Yasmin Ramadan
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:29
  13. The diagnosis of male differences of sex development is a challenging multidisciplinary team task, that requires external genital evaluation, karyotyping, hormonal profiling, radiological work up and frequentl...

    Authors: Mohamed Sayed Abd El-Monsif, Noha Arafa, Mahmoud Marei Marei, Gamal Eltagy and Ahmed M. K. Wishahy
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:28
  14. Pathological fractures in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are uncommon, but our case highlights the possibility of it being an unusual presentation even in the absence of abnormal laboratory values. The imp...

    Authors: Dana Kanaan, Reem Abuzraiq, Abdullah Abu-Aqoulah, Hanan Al-Thiabat and Suleimman Al-Sweedan
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:36
  15. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a common cause of urogenital sinus (UGS) anomalies. Delineating the abnormal anatomy of the UGS is crucial prior to the operative repair. Genitography and cystourethrosc...

    Authors: Abeer Aboalazayem, Ahmed Elham Fares, Samah Ahmed Hassanein Ahmed, Sherif Kaddah and Khaled Salah Ahmed Abdullateef
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:24
  16. Investigating the trend of changes in the occurrence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants during 9 years and analyzing the risk factors of NEC with the purpose of providing reference for clini...

    Authors: Yi Yang, Qing He, Min Yang, Pinglin Zhang, Lijun Su and Yong Lin
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:23
  17. The study aims to evaluate the usefulness of preoperative ultrasonography (US) at the internal inguinal ring level in predicting contralateral patent processus vaginalis (CPPV).

    Authors: Abeer Aboalazayem, Hadeel Seif, Sherif Kaddah, Mohamed Elbarbary and Ahmed MK Wishahy
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:22
  18. Pediatric ureteral injuries can arise from trauma or surgical procedures, and urinary-enteral fistulas, although rare, are both challenging to manage and repair. More information is needed regarding ureteral-e...

    Authors: Jose Luis Gonzalez Chavez, Pedro Salvador Jiménez Urueta, Edgar Melo Camacho and Sofia Brenes Guzmán
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:40
  19. Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) is a rare neoplasm of vascular origin. It may involve skin, bone, connective tissue, and parenchymal organs, and it is difficult to make a definite diagnosis in the early ...

    Authors: Neng Ren, Ye Gu, Na Song, Wen Qian, Wenhui Gao and Yunfeng Zhang
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:31
  20. Immersive and non-immersive VR technology has been increasingly employed in training. This has encouraged physicians working in skill development to try using it to improve the learning, emotional recognition,...

    Authors: Antoine Fakhry AbdelMassih, Waad I. AlHammadi, Hind A. AlHosani, Sara AlHosani, Fatima AlHammadi and Shooq A. AlShehhi
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:41
  21. Recurrent infections in childhood are the main cause of remission to the immunology service. T lymphocytes generated in the thymus are essential for fighting infection, making the thymus area an important pred...

    Authors: Francisco Sotomayor Lugo, Yaíma Zúñiga Rosales, Oliver Pérez Martín, Evelyn Hernández Reyes, Evelyn M. Antiguas Valdés, Hermes Fundora Hernández, Katia Rodríguez Guitiérrez, Yaima Matas González, Imilla Casado Hernández, Carlos Agustín Villegas Valverde, Bárbara Torres Rives, Lázara Minerva Tam Rey, Ihosvany González Díaz, Yaquima Hernández Rego, Ana María Simón Pita, Consuelo Macías Abraham…
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:20
  22. Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a hereditary illness represented by repeated bouts of submucosal or subcutaneous edema. Types of HAE includes; HAE with deficient C1-inhibitor (type 1), HAE with dysfunctional C1...

    Authors: Mohamed Almalky, Reham M. El Shabrawy, Najeeb Ali Mohammed Gheetah, Hossam Moustafa Elkady, Naglaa S. Osman, Walaa Shoman and Eman Gamal Baz
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:19
  23. We recently adopted a guideline for chronic cough in children in the Egyptian health system. Adapting clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) to the local healthcare setting is a valid alternative to de-novo devel...

    Authors: Eman Mahmoud Fouda, Hala Hamdi Shaaban, Mona Mohsen Elattar, Abla Saleh Mostafa, Dina H. Hamed, Aya Samir Mohamed Saleh, Sally Raafat Ishak, Tarek Hamed, Magda Hassab Allah Mohamed, Shahenaz Mohamoud Hussien, Mohamed Mahmoud Rashad, Hala Gouda Elnady, Hoda M. Salah El Din Metwally, Laila Abd Elghaffar, Sherif Reda, Ashraf Abdel Baky…
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:18
  24. Functional and structural complexities associated with craniosynostosis present challenges for families of affected individuals. Additionally, these patients undergo childhood surgeries that significantly impa...

    Authors: Bahram Aminmansour, Samaneh Fatehi, Ali Mokhtari, Ali Riazi and Donya Sheibani Tehrani
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:39
  25. This study explores the effectiveness of ultrasonography (USG)-guided saline enema reduction for ileocecal intussusception. It investigates factors, ascertainable through physical examination, ultrasound, and ...

    Authors: Maria Klimeczek Chrapusta, Maciej Preinl, Zofia Łubniewska, Filip Procháska, Maria Gruba and Wojciech Górecki
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:38
  26. Rapunzel syndrome is a very rare form of trichobezoar. It is strongly linked to psychiatric conditions; trichotillomania and trichophagia. These conditions in the pediatric population point to the presence of ...

    Authors: Arshia Warsi, Rabeea Mushtaq, Syed Waqas Ali and Farah Anwer
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:16
  27. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor is a rare yet profoundly impactful condition, particularly within the pediatric population. This case report illuminates the intricate challenges of diagnosing and managing i...

    Authors: Izchel Valdez García, Alejandro Solano Gutierrez, Sofia Brenes Guzmán and Brenda Aguilar Viveros
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:26
  28. Neurological complications, including peripheral polyneuropathy, have been reported in β-thalassemia patients that negatively impact their quality of life. Chronic hypoxia, iron overload, average age, and iron...

    Authors: Amr I. Risha, Mervat A. Hesham, Usama R. Elsafy, Yosria A. El Taweel, Mohammed M. Omar, Sara F. Saadawy and Diana Hanna
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:15
  29. Tanzania is among the countries in sub-Saharan Africa with the highest under-five mortality rate. The leading causes of mortality among these children include vaccine-preventable infections. Strategies for red...

    Authors: Diana K. Damian, Francis F. Furia and Germana Leyna
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:30
  30. Using conventional echocardiography, this study aimed to evaluate the epicardial fat thickness (EFT) and its role in discriminating infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) from those of non-diabetic mothers (INDMs)...

    Authors: Ahmed M. Abd El Moktader, Remon M. Yousef, Ahmed Safwat and Heba A. Borayek
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:13
  31. Febrile neutropenia (FN) is a life-threatening complication of cancer therapy. Appropriate antibiotic treatment improves the clinical outcome in these patients; however, the increasing rate of anti-microbial r...

    Authors: Diya Alzu’bi, Hanady Obeidat, Dua’a Ghabashineh, Omayma AbuRass, Ola Musadag, Dua’ N. Samara, Belal Al Droubi, Gamal T. Abdelhady and Suleimman Al-Sweedan
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:12
  32. Children with cerebral palsy (CP) may have different gross motor impairments which in sequence affecting their life occupations. The purpose of the study is to investigate the correlation between Gross Motor F...

    Authors: Shimaa Reffat and Alaa Fahmy AL-Nemr
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:11
  33. Metabolic bone disease (MBD) is an important cause of morbidity in premature, very low birth weight (VLBW), and sick infants and, if left undiagnosed, may lead to structural deformities and spontaneous fractur...

    Authors: Rajesh Nare, Vishal Dnyaneshwar Sawant and Rahul Surve
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:25
  34. The incidence of thyroid cancer has been increasing among the population less than 20 years of age, especially during the second decade of life. Differentiated papillary thyroid cancer is the most common patho...

    Authors: Mohanned Mohsen, Omar Hamdy, Ahmad Ramadan, Shadi Awny, Khaled Zalata and Mohamed Ezat
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:10
  35. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the primary causes of child mortality and morbidity. The primary objective of our research was to assess the value of mean platelet volume (MPV) and D-dimer levels ...

    Authors: Rehab Elmeazawy, Osama Toema and Amira Mobarak
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:9
  36. Bloody diarrhea in children often indicates a severe gastrointestinal illness. Although infections are the most likely cause, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a close mimic. IBD generally presents with chro...

    Authors: Avanti Saoji, Madhura Kavishwar, Praveen Unki and Surbhi Rathi
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:8
  37. Recent research has firmly linked the administration of hypotonic fluids with the incidence of hospital-acquired hyponatremia in pediatric patients.

    Authors: Alyaa Ahdy Abdelaziz, Hafez Mahmoud Bazaraa, Sherif Reda Omar, Rasha Ashmawy, Yousra A. El-Maradny and Ramy Mohammed Ghazy
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:7
  38. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), is the only currently available curative option for SCD. Yet, the eligibility of SCD patients for HSCT is always limited by the significant associated toxicity a...

    Authors: Khaled Salama, Asmaa F. Allam and Yasmeen M. M. Selim
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:6
  39. Thoracic tumors are a challenge for pediatric surgeons. They comprise a heterogeneous group of neoplasms classified based on histological variety, location, presentation, biological behavior, treatment respons...

    Authors: Izchel Valdez García, Alfa Guadalupe Barraza Tinajero, Nayely Carrillo Ibarra and Sofia Brenes Guzmán
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:5
  40. Pediatric colorectal cancer, comprising just 1% of childhood cancers, has surged among young individuals, underscoring its significant health impact. Diagnostic challenges arise from atypical presentation and ...

    Authors: Sofia Brenes Guzmán, Edgar Fernando Oliver García, Edgar Guillermo Lazcano Rojas, Alfa Guadalupe Barraza Tinajero, Daniela Hernández Meza, Jose Luis González Chávez, Edgar Melo Camacho and Juan Carlos Nuñez Enríquez
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:4
  41. Children are increasingly exposed to health risks as a result of adverse effects of climate change, including more frequent and intense extreme weather events, disruption of food systems, an increase in food-,...

    Authors: Ramy Mohamed Ghazy, Asma Saidouni and Sarah Hamed N. Taha
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:3
  42. Personalized asthma medicine research identifies critical genes like ADRB2 and ADH5 that affect disease and treatment outcomes, necessitating a deeper exploration of these genetic influences on asthma prevalen...

    Authors: Hoda H. Ahmed, Tarek M. Farid, Maha M. A. Abo Hashish, Areef R. Ibrahim, Amr M. Mustafa, Aliaa Ahmed Wahby, Mirhane Hassan, Eman Hany Elsebaie, Abeer Ramadan and Sameh Abdelaziz Mansour
    Citation: Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 2024 72:2

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