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Table 3 Predictors of urinary tract infection (UTI) among neonates (N = 152)

From: Prevalence, aetiology, antimicrobial susceptibility testing, and predictors of urinary tract infection among neonates with clinical sepsis: a cross-sectional study

  Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
Variables COR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI) p-value
Apgar score (at 5 min)     
 Normal Ref.   Ref.  
 Low 2.5 (4.16–38.89) 0.000 12.8 (4.17–39.06) <0.001
Duration of labour (hours)     
 ≤18 Ref.   Ref.  
 >18 2.1 (2.18–31.38) 0.002 5.4 (1.28–22.52) 0.022
Reflexes     
 Normal Ref.   Ref.  
 Abnormal 2.4 (3.41–37.27) 0.000 7.2 (0.03–25.62) 0.08
Nitrites     
 Negative Ref.   Ref.  
 Positive 3.2 (7.56–74.73) 0.000 26.7 (7.75–91.70) <0.001
Leucocyte esterase     
 Negative Ref.   Ref.  
 Positive 3.2 (7.93–78.83) 0.000 23.7 (7.46–75.05) <0.001
WBC count     
 Normal Ref.   Ref.  
 High 2.1 (1.80–34.94) 0.006 6.6 (1.47–29.97) 0.014
Lymphocyte count     
 Normal range Ref.   Ref.  
 High range 1.8 (1.73–20.10) 0.005 3.7 (1.003–13.48) 0.049
  1. CRP C-reactive protein, WBC white blood cell, COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio