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Table 5 Factors associated with thinness among children aged 5–10 years

From: Undernutrition and associated factors among children aged 5–10 years in West Bengal, India: a community-based cross-sectional study

 Variables   Thinness
% χ2 (p value) COR (95% CI) p value AOR (95% CI) p value
Sex Male 27.72 0.672 (0.412) 1.08 (0.89–1.32) 0.413 1.1 (0.9–1.36) 0.346
Female 26.12 Reference    
Age 5 37.13 43.472 (0.000) Reference    
6 31.79 0.78 (0.56–1.09) 0.157 0.8 (0.56–1.13) 0.207
7 21.47 0.42 (0.3–0.6) 0.000 0.52 (0.36–0.75) 0.000
8 21.88 0.47 (0.34–0.65) 0.000 0.61 (0.43–0.87) 0.006
9 20.06 0.46 (0.33–0.65) 0.000 0.57 (0.4–0.81) 0.002
10 31.62 0.79 (0.57–1.08) 0.144 0.86 (0.62–1.2) 0.382
Residence Rural 27.92 4.883 (0.027) 1.34 (1.03–1.74) 0.03 1.22 (0.93–1.61) 0.156
Urban 22.45 Reference    
Religion Hindu 26.02 3.966 (0.046) Reference    
Muslim 31.25 1.29 (1.01–1.66) 0.044 1.17 (0.9–1.54) 0.247
Cast Lower (SC and ST) 29.12 1.085 (0.298) 1.14 (0.89–1.47) 0.295 0.96 (0.73–1.26) 0.777
Other 26.44 Reference    
Occupational status of the father Laborer 35.21 77.474 (0.000) 2.66 (2.08–3.41) 0.000 2.64 (1.74–3.98) 0.000
Cultivator 32.75 2.39 (1.87–3.05) 0.000 2.41 (1.64–3.56) 0.000
Business/service 16.94 Reference    
Educational status of the father Illiterate or just able to sign 37.59 45.649 (0.000) 3.08 (2.19–4.33) 0.000 1.19 (0.6–1.64) 0.968
Up to primary 26.5 1.84 (1.35–2.52) 0.000 1.09 (0.57–1.41) 0.629
Secondary 26.04 1.84 (1.28–2.62) 0.001 1.22 (0.78–1.89) 0.381
Above secondary 15.48 Reference    
Occupational status of the mother Housewife 44.3 37.73 (0.000) Reference    
Laborer/cultivator 19.05 2.38 (1.79–3.16) 0.000 1.62 (1.18–2.22) 0.003
Business/service 25.03 0.7 (0.4–1.23) 0.217 1.33 (0.71–2.48) 0.377
Educational status of the mother Illiterate or just able to sign 34.1 52.246 (0.000) 3.36 (2.12–5.32) 0.000 1.7 (0.98–3.06) 0.044
Up to primary 27.88 2.51 (1.59–3.95) 0.000 1.92 (1.07–3.44) 0.029
Secondary 17.61 1.39 (0.83–2.32) 0.209 1.29 (0.73–2.28) 0.389
Above secondary 13.33 Reference    
Economic status Rs. ≤ 2000 31.06 35.992 (0.000) 2.31 (1.67–3.19) 0.000 1.27 (0.8–2) 0.304
Rs. 2001–4000 22.1 1.45 (0.99–2.11) 0.051 0.97 (0.62–1.51) 0.878
Rs. > 4000 16.34 Reference    
Family size ≤ 4 24.07 5.843 (0.054) 0.75 (0.52–1.09) 0.128 0.91 (0.61–1.35) 0.626
5–8 28.69 0.95 (0.66–1.36) 0.791 1.04 (0.71–1.53) 0.83
≥ 9 29.7 Reference    
Type of house Kutcha 30.09 30.617 (0.000) 1.82 (1.42–2.34) 0.000 1 (0.72–1.39) 0.996
Semi pucca 30.9 1.89 (1.47–2.44) 0.000 1.11 (0.81–1.51) 0.522
Pucca 19.11 Reference    
Availability of latrine Yes 24.58 34.319 (0.000) Reference    
No 42.03 2.22 (1.71–2.89) 0.000 1.58 (1.13–2.19) 0.007
Water source Tube well 27.48 0.607 (0.436) 1.08 (0.89–1.33) 0.437 1.07 (0.77–1.22) 0.82
Deep tube well 25.9 Reference    
SES Lower 31.49 46.799 (0.000) 3.79 (2.23–6.45) 0.000 1.68 (1.12–2.39) 0.006
Middle 21.44 2.25 (1.29–3.91) 0.004 1.2 (0.64–2.27) 0.571
Upper 10.81 Reference