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Table 3 Demographic and resuscitative data of PDA groups

From: Patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants; experience of a tertiary referral neonatal intensive care unit: prevalence, complications, and management

  HSPDA
N = 33
Non-HSPDA
N = 54
P value
Sex Female 16(48.5%) 29 (64.4%) 0.636
Male 17(51.5%) 25 (55.6%)
Gestational age (weeks) 31.1 ± 2.2 31.7 ± 2.2 0.203
Birth weight (kg) 1.4 ± 0.3 1.5 ± 0.4 0.235
NVD 10(30.3%) 14 (31.1%) 0.658
CS 23(69.7%) 40(88.9%)
PIH 2 (6.1%) 11 (24.4%) 0.039
PROM 9 (27.3%) 14 (31.1%) 0.890
APH 6 (18.2%) 6 (13.3%) 0.359
Maternal steroids 9 (27.3%) 27 (60%) 0.037
Poor Apgar score 11(33.3%) 16 (35.6%) 0.717
Resuscitative measure Routine 10(30.3%) 23 (51.1%) 0.487
PPV 6 (18.2%) 11 (24.4%)
Free flow oxygen 16(48.5%) 17 (37.8%)
PPV + Cardiac compression 1(3%) 3 (6.7%)
length of NICU stay (days) 17.8 ± 5.2 18.1 ± 5.4 0.906
Outcome (death) 22 (66.7%) 22 (42.6%) 0.029
  1. p value is considered significant < 0.05
  2. Abbreviations: NVD Normal vaginal delivery, CS Cesarean section, PIH Pregnancy-induced hypertension, PROM Premature rupture of membrane, APH Anti-partum hemorrhage