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Table 2 Anthropometric measures of the studied groups and leptin levels

From: Effect of gestational Mediterranean diet intervention on newborn fat mass and cord blood leptin level

  Obese intervention group Obese control group Test value• P value Sig.
No. = 57 No. = 61
Maternal body mass index Mean ± SD 33.22 ± 1.33 33.25 ± 1.32 0.091 0.927 NS
Range 31 − 35 31 − 35
Gestational weight gain (kg) Mean ± SD 12.22 ± 1.81 18.03 ± 3.25 9.481 0.000 HS
Range 9 − 15 12 − 23
Gestational age (weeks) Mean ± SD 36.67 ± 2.75 36.80 ± 2.65 0.215 0.830 NS
Range 26 − 39 26 − 39
Length (cm) Mean ± SD 48.39 ± 3.74 48.38 ± 3.56 -0.017 0.987 NS
Range 44 − 57 44 − 57
Birth weight (kg) Mean ± SD 3.57 ± 0.35 4.02 ± 0.32 5.780 0.000 HS
Range 3 − 4.2 3.4 − 4.5
Newborn body mass index Mean ± SD 15.69 ± 2.24 17.45 ± 2.36 3.328 0.001 HS
Range 11.1 − 18.8 12.9 − 20.4
Biceps (mm) Mean ± SD 4.53 ± 0.35 6.08 ± 0.55 14.371 0.000 HS
Range 3.8 − 5 5.1 − 7
Triceps (mm) Mean ± SD 5.13 ± 0.46 6.30 ± 0.77 7.918 0.000 HS
Range 4.1 − 6 4.1 − 7.4
Thigh (mm) Mean ± SD 6.91 ± 0.54 8.49 ± 0.60 11.967 0.000 HS
Range 6 − 7.9 7.4 − 9.5
Subscapular (mm) Mean ± SD 6.58 ± 1.38 7.72 ± 1.67 3.211 0.002 HS
Range 5 − 9.5 5.9 − 11
Average SC fat (mm) Mean ± SD 5.79 ± 0.51 7.14 ± 0.74 9.229 0.000 HS
Range 5.09 − 6.75 5.95 − 8.5
Fat mass % Mean ± SD 9.27 ± 2.16 11.85 ± 2.30 5.014 0.000 HS
Range 6.36 − 12.8 8.3 − 14.99
Maternal leptin ng/ml Mean ± SD 20.19 ± 4.14 44.64 ± 10.88 12.670 0.000 HS
Range 13 − 28.5 27 − 65
Cord leptin ng/ml Mean ± SD 11.78 ± 3.63 35.37 ± 11.14 12.124 0.000 HS
  1. Independent t test