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Table 2 Comparison between cases with poor vs. good maternal glycemic control as regards PW-Doppler, TDI, and TDI-based MPI

From: Assessment of cardiac diastolic function in infants of diabetic mothers using tissue Doppler echocardiography

ParameterPoor control (n = 25)Good control (n = 25)p
M-E52.5 ± 654.1 ± 6.90.38
M-A63.4 ± 5.559.6 ± 6.70.032*
M-E/A0.83 ± 0.070.9 ± 0.06< 0.001*
T-E46 ± 5.649 ± 4.60.041*
T-A62.8 ± 759.6 ± 7.30.12
T-E/A0.74 ± 0.10.83 ± 0.10.005*
IVS-E'4.2 ± 0.334.5 ± 0.580.03*
IVS-A'5.4 ± 0.65.4 ± 0.80.81
IVS-S'4 ± 0.664.3 ± 0.640.13
IVS-E'/A'0.78 ± 0.10.84 ± 0.080.03*
LV-E'5 ± 0.465.8 ± 0.5< 0.001*
LV-A'7.6 ± 0.86.7 ± 0.5< 0.001*
LV-S'4.78 ± 0.54.77 ± 0.50.97
LV-E'/A'0.66 ± 0.080.87 ± 0.08< 0.001*
RV-E'6 ± 0.876.4 ± 0.570.049*
RV-A'7.5 ± 0.947.8 ± 0.90.32
RV-S'6.2 ± 16.2 ± 0.90.87
RV-E'/A'0.79 ± 0.110.82 ± 0.10.3
IVS-MPI0.47 ± 0.040.45 ± 0.050.23
LV-MPI0.49 ± 0.050.47 ± 0.070.23
RV-MPI0.45 ± 0.040.43 ± 0.040.27
  1. *Statistically significant, velocities in centimeters/second
  2. PW pulsed wave, CW continuous wave, M mitral, T tricuspid, E E wave velocity, A A wave velocity, IVS septal, LV left ventricular, RV right ventricular, E' E' wave velocity, A' A' wave velocity, S' S' wave velocity, TDI tissue Doppler imaging, MPI myocardial performance index (Tei Index)