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Table 4 Mean ± SD &% of RDAs & DRIs of the nutrients intake among obese adolescent under study

From: Association between dietary sodium, calcium, saturated fat and blood pressure in obese Egyptian adolescents

Nutrient intake Male Female
Normal Pre hypertension Sg. Normal Pre hypertension Sg.
Energy (Cal) 2223.01 ± 68.04
74.100%
2338.13 ± 88.35
77.93%
0.032* 2350.32 ± 55.09
102.18%
2536. 30 ± 121.27
110.27%
0.041*
Protein (g) 66.60 ± 3.40
112.88%
68.94 ± 16.25
116.84%
0.22 65.79 ± 12.55
149.52%
70.75 ± 10.24
160.79%
0.019*
Fat (g) 123.50 ± 1.20 129.98 ± 21.57 0.021* 133.91 ± 32.52 134.29 ± 30.06 0.156
Carbohydrate(g) 211.28 ± 38.20
162.52%
223.14 ± 42.13
171.64%
0.024* 220.51 ± 48.12
169.62%
261.17 ± 37.21
200.90%
0.019*
Dietary fiber (g) 15.52 ± 5.28
39.47%
14.97 ± 3.57
39.39%
0.040* 15.94 ± 2.68
56.93%
15.89 ± 5.71
56.75%
0.41
Vit. A (μg) 477.45 ± 36.81
47.75%
523.41 ± 23.57
52.34%
0.127 537.40 ± 28.71
53.74%
549.32 ± 41.01
54.93%
0.152
Vit. D (μg) 4.06 ± 0.23
40. 60%
3.84 ± 1.02
38.40%
0.440 4.31 ± 1.04
43.10%
4.30 ± 1.21
43.00%
0.532
Sodium (mg) 1481.01 ± 37.10
98.73%
1538.99 ± 35.24
102.59%
0.341 1547.84 ± 28.37
103.19%
1550.39 ± 50.12
103.36%
0.390
Potassium (mg) 2970.69 ± 11.90
63.21%
3324.79 ± 31.07
70.74%
0.260 3297.21 ± 41.20
70.15%
3302.94 ± 25.02
70.28%
0.274
Calcium (mg) 785.84 ± 39.81
65.48%
687.96 ± 28.91
57.33%
0.211 824.20 ± 32.11
68.68%
828.30. ± 24.17
69.03%
0.384
Iron (mg) 6.14 ± 0.33
51.17%
5.87 ± 2.30
48.92%
0.300 6.01 ± 3.54
40.07%
5.96. ± 3.08
39.73%
0.321
Zinc (mg) 6.49 ± 0.44
43.27%
6.34 ± 1.97
42.27%
0.337 6.31 ± 1.13
52.58%
6.24 ± 1.40
52.00%
0.341
SFAs (g) 28.71 ± 0.61 35.21 ± 5.27 0.214 38.71±±11.07 39.95 ± 11.04 0.226
MUFs(g) 29.28 ± 0.43 32.14 ± 6.39 0.170 35.28 ± 8.91 36.32 ± 8.31 0.122
PUFAs (g) 25.26 ± 0.35 29.38 ± 7.44 0.410 30.27 ± 9.15 32.08 ± 11.16 0.241
Cholesterol (mg) 223.11 ± 6.74 385.97 ± 27.11 0.040* 387 ± 21.02 399.40 ± 40.24 0.054*
  1. SFAs: Saturated fatty acids, MUFAs: Monounsaturated fatty acids, PUSFs: Polyunsaturated fatty acids
  2. *Significant at p ≤ 0.05