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Table 2 Relation of the glycemic status to mortality and other patient characteristics

From: Prevalence and prognostic value of plasma glucose abnormalities among full-term and late-preterm neonates with sepsis

Patients’ characteristics Hyperglycemia (n = 22) Hypoglycemia (n = 19) Normoglycemia (n = 133) P value
Mortality 8 (36.4%) 9 (47.4%) 22 (16.5%) 0.002*
Postnatal age, days 10 (1–27) 9.5 (3–24) 7 (1–27) 0.32
Female sex 11 (50%) 12 (63.2%) 55 (41.4 %) 0.17
Weight, kg 2.6 ± 0.89 2.44 ± 0.69 2.68 ± 0.54 0.15
Gestational age, week 37 (35–40) 37 (35–39) 38 (35–42) 0.37
Cesarean delivery 18 (81.8%) 16 (84.2%) 107 (80.5%) 0.92
Early-onset sepsis 7 (31.8%) 3 (15.8%) 35 (26.3%) 0.49
Late-onset sepsis 15 (68.2%) 16 (84.2%) 98 (73.7%)
Proven sepsis 7 (31.8%) 10 (52.6%) 56 (42.1%) 0.4
Possible sepsis 15 (68.2%) 9 (47.4%) 77 (57.9%)
Invasive MV 13 (59.1%) 17 (89.5%) 81 (60.1%) 0.046*
Length of NICUa, days 25 (10–97) 20 (5–70) 18 (2–98) 0.19
Platelets, 1000/mL 98 (6–483) 38 (4–401) 156 (5–648) 0.015*
WBC, 1000/mL 16.7 (2.7–50) 9.9 (3.9–27.7) 13 (2.7–51) 0.029*
Hemoglobin, g/dL 12.04 ± 3.61 11.56 ± 2.85 12.79 ± 2.93 0.056
CRP, mg/dL 48 (3–200) 65.5 (4–213) 32.5 (0–316) 0.2
Serum creatinine, mg/dL 0.54 (0.3–1.2) 0.5 (0.3–1.2) 0.6 (0.16–2.7) 0.84
  1. Data is expressed as number (%), mean ± SD, or median (maximum–minimum)
  2. MV mechanical ventilation, NICU neonatal intensive care unit, CRP C-reactive protein, WBC white blood cell count
  3. *Statistically significant
  4. aLength of hospital stay among survivors