Skip to main content

Table 2 Correlation between intelligence quotient values and paediatric intensive care unit patient characteristics

From: Impact of paediatric intensive care unit admission on neurocognitive function in children

  VIQ PIQ TIQ IQ test categories
Average Dull Average Borderline Mildly impaired Impaired
Gender Male (n = 27) Mean ± SD, N (%) 92.93 ± 8.24 92.89 ± 10.14 94.37 ± 9.56 21 (77.78%) 5 (18.52%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Female (n = 23) Mean ± SD, N (%) 90.65 ± 7.3 91 ± 8.15 91.57 ± 7.18 16 (69.57%) 6 (26.09%) 1 (4.35%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
  p-value 0.311 0.477 0.253 0.72(F)
Cause of admission Medical (n = 19) Mean ± SD, N (%) 90.84 ± 6.92 92.53 ± 6.2 92.52 ± 8.38 13 (68.42%) 6 (31.58%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Surgical (n = 31) Mean ± SD, N (%) 92.52 ± 8.38 91.71 ± 10.77 93.1 ± 9.66 24 (77.42%) 5 (16.13%) 1 (3.23%) 1 (3.23%) 0 (0%)
  p-value 0.469 0.765 0.986 0.603(F)
Type of surgery Minor (n = 4) Mean ± SD, N (%) 98.25 ± 4.92 98.75 ± 7.63 100.25 ± 5.32 4 (100%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Major (n = 27) Mean ± SD, N (%) 90.91 ± 8.76 90.96 ± 11.37 91.65 ± 10.05 20 (73.91%) 5 (17.3 %) 1 (4.35%) 1 (4.35%) 0 (0%)
  p-value 0.119 0.202 0.111 1.00(F)
Postoperative complications (surgical patients) Present (n = 5) Mean ± SD, N (%) 95.6 ± 5.64 90.8 ± 10.71 92.2 ± 10.26 4 (80%) 0 (0%) 1 (20%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Absent (n = 26) Mean ± SD, N (%) 91.92 ± 8.77 91.88 ± 10.98 93.27 ± 9.74 20 (76.92%) 5 (19.23%) 0 (0%) 1 (3.85%) 0 (0%)
  p-value 0.378 0.841 0.825 0.318(F)
Mechanical ventilation Needed (n = 19) Mean ± SD, N (%) 89.21 ± 8.5 89.37 ± 9.86 90..74 ± 9.64 11 (57.89%) 7 (36.84%) 0 (0%) 1 (5.26%) 0 (0%)
Not needed (n = 31) Mean ± SD, N (%) 93.52 ± 7.03 93.65 ± 8.59 94.52 ± 7.67 26 (83.87%) 4 (12.9%) 1 (3.23%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
  p-value 0.058 0.113 0.132 0.057(F)
Sedatives Needed (n = 27) Mean ± SD, N (%) 92.93 ± 8.25 92.48 ± 10.68 93.78 ± 9.86 22 (81.48%) 3 (11.11%) 1 (3.7%) 1 (3.7%) 0 (0%)
Not needed (n = 23) Mean ± SD, N (%) 90.65 ± 7.29 91.48 ± 7.39 92.26 ± 6.92 15 (65.22%) 8 (34.78%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
  p-value 0.311 0.706 0.539 0.084(F)
Inotropic support Needed (n = 6) Mean ± SD, N (%) 86 ± 10 86 ± 14.44 86.83 ± 12.53 4 (66.67%) 1 (16.67%) 0 (0%) 1 (16.67%) 0 (0%)
Not needed (n = 44) Mean ± SD, N (%) 92.68 ± 7.26 92.84 ± 8.2 93.93 ± 7.71 33 (75%) 10 (22.73%) 1 (2.27%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
  p-value 0.311 0.706 0.539 0.243(F)
Blood/blood product transfusion Needed (n = 4) Mean ± SD, N (%) 97.75 ± 3.4 95.5 ± 2.38 96.75 ± 1.5 4 (100%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Not needed (n = 46) Mean ± SD, N (%) 91.37 ± 7.91 91.72 ± 9.56 92.76 ± 8.87 33 (71.74%) 11 (23.91%) 1 (2.17%) 1 (2.17%) 0 (0%)
   p-value 0.119 0.438 0.378 0.629(F)
  1. IQ intelligence quotient, VIQ verbal IQ, PIQ performance IQ, TIQ total IQ, SD standard deviation, F Fisher’s exact test