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Table 3 Oral Health Indicators According To Gender and Oral/Dental Health Practices

From: The effects of socioeconomic status, oral and dental health practices, and nutritional status on dental health in 12-year-old school children

Habits Permanent teeth Milk teeth p
DMFTc dmftd
X̅±SD Median
(Min-Max)
X̅±SD Median
(Min-Max)
Gender
 Boy 1.9±2.09 1.00 (00-9.00) 1.4±1.83 1.00 (00-9.00) 0.073c
 Girl 2.1±1.73 2.00 (00-9.00) 0.7±1.26 0.00 (00-6.00) 0.003d*
 Total 2.0±1.90 2.00 (00-9.00) 1.0±1.57 0.00 (00-9.00)  
Status brushing teetha
 Brushes 2.0±1.90 2.00 (00-9.00) 0.9±1.54 0.00 (00-9.00) 0.675c
0.450d
 Not brushes 2.2±1.81 2.00 (00-5.00) 1.6±2.22 0.50 (00-6.00)
Tooth brushing time
 After meals 2.4±1.79 2.00 (00-6.00) 0.8±1.64 0.00 (00-9.00) 0.099c
0.150d
 After meals and before bedtime 1.5±1.69 1.00 (00-6.00) 0.5±0.98 0.00 (00-4.00)
 Before bedtime 2.0±1.96 2.00 (00-9.00) 1.2±1.68 0.50 (00-6.00)
 Uncertain 2.2±2.00 2.00 (00-9.00) 1.6±2.22 0.00 (00-6.00)
 Never 2.2±1.90 2.00 (00-5.00) 1.6±2.22 0.50 (00-6.00)
The frequency of tooth brushingb
 1 time per day 2.1±1.94 2.00 (00-9.00) 1.1±1.60xy 0.00 (00-6.00) 0.392c
0.015d*
 2 times a day 1.8±1.80 1.00 (00-6.00) 0.6±0.92xy 0.00 (00-4.00)
 3 times per day 1.3±1.42 1.00 (00-4.00) 0.0±0.00 x -
 Several times a week 1.7±1.93 1.00 (00-5.00) 1.1±1.78xy 0.00 (00-6.00)
 Sometimes 2.4±2.02 2.00 (00-9.00) 1.5±1.93y 1.00 (00-9.00)
 Never 2.2±1.81 2.00 (00-5.00) 1.6±2.22xy 0.50 (00-6.00)
Brushing styleb
 Left to right 1.9±2.00 1.00 (00-9.00) 1.2±1.68 0.00 (00-6.00) 0.111c
0.121d
 Up and down 2.5±1.87 2.00 (00-8.00) 1.2±1.69 1.00 (00-9.00)
 Circular 1.8±1.67 1.00 (00-6.00) 0.6±1.20 0.00 (00-5.00)
 Do not know 2.2±3.49 1.00 (00-9.00) 1.2±1.94 0.50 (00-5.00)
 Never 2.2±1.81 2.00 (00-5.00) 1.6±2.22 0.50 (00-6.00)
Brushing durationb
 Less than 1 min 2.3±2.16 2.00 (00-9.00) 1.2±1.85xy 0.00 (00-9.00) 0.502c
0.017d*
 2-3 min 1.8±1.70 1.00 (00-6.00) 0.8±1.29xy 0.00 (00-6.00)
 More than 3 min 2.3±1.91 2.00 (00-6.00) 0.2±0.58x 0.00 (00-2.00)
 Do not know 2.3±2.30 2.00 (00-9.00) 1.9±1.20y 2.00 (00-6.00)
 Never 2.2±1.81 2.00 (00-5.00) 1.6±2.22xy 0.50 (00-6.00)
The frequency of brush replacementb
 Quarterly 1.6±1.82 1.00 (00-6.00) 0.7±1.37 0.00 (00-6.00) 0.254c
0.114d
 Once in a six month 1.8±1.75 1.00 (00-6.00) 0.8±1.37 0.00 (00-6.00)
 Once a year 2.3±2.09 2.00 (00-9.00) 1.2±1.70 1.00 (00-9.00)
 Once in two years 2.4±1.30 3.00 (00-4.00) 1.3±1.80 0.00 (00-5.00)
 Never 2.4±1.85 2.00 (00-5.00) 1.4±2.06 0.50 (00-6.00)
  1. *p<0.05
  2. aMann-Whitney U Test
  3. bKruskal Wallis Test
  4. cp value for DMFT
  5. dp value for p dmft
  6. x.xy. y The differences between the averages indicated in different letters in the same column are statistically significant.