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Table 5 Anthropometric data and body composition components among patients before and after nutritional intervention

From: Nutritional assessment and rehabilitation in children with bronchiectasis and childhood interstitial lung diseases: effects on pulmonary functions and clinical severity

  Range Mean ± SD T P
Weight centile z-score Pre −3.7‑0.8 −2.18 ± 0.90 −8.242 < 0.001
Post −3.1‑0.7 −1.44 ± 0.79
Height centile z-score Pre −3.6‑0.17 −1.86 ± 0.83 −8.251 < 0.001
Post −3.4‑0.7 −1.55 ± 0.95
Mid arm circumference centile z-score Pre −2.7‑1.4 −1.30 ± 0.71 −0.488 < 0.001
Post −1.9‑0.91 −0.71 ± 0.63
Triceps skinfold thickness centile z-score Pre 0.04‑1.73 0.82 ± 0.46 −7.983 < 0.001
Post 0.4‑2.05 1.40 ± 0.36
Body mass index centile z-score Pre −4.9‑1.87 −1.73 ± 1.08 −7.007 < 0.001
Post −2.9‑1.85 −0.97 ± 1.00
Body fat (kg) Pre 1.5‑14.7 5.095 + 2.83 4.19 0.0005
post 1.7‑14.5 5.689 + 2.91
Fat-free mass (kg) Pre 17.3‑40.41 26.02 ± 6.81 8.605 < 0.001
Post 19‑41.2 27.07 ± 6.78   
Muscle mass (kg) Pre 16.3‑38.3 24.45 ± 6.702 9.065 < 0.0001
Post 16.7‑39 25.32 ± 6.740
  1. Nutritional rehabilitation significantly improved patient anthropometry and body composition