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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of neonates and maternal (N = 152)

From: Prevalence, aetiology, antimicrobial susceptibility testing, and predictors of urinary tract infection among neonates with clinical sepsis: a cross-sectional study

Variable Frequency (n) Percentage (%)
Age group of the neonates (days)   6.2 ± 0.47
 <7 138 90.8
 ≥7 14 9.2
Sex of the neonates   
 Male 61 40.1
 Female 91 59.9
Apgar score at 5 min   8.3 ± 0.11
 Normal ≥ 7 135 88.8
 Low < 7 17 11.2
Neonatal birth weight (kg)   3.7 ± 0.42
 Normal ≥ 2.5 138 90.8
 Low < 2.5 14 9.2
Maternal age group (years)   22.9 ± 3.14
< 18 16 10.5
 18–35 113 74.3
 > 35 23 15.2
Maternal education level   
 Informal 20 13.2
 Primary education 79 52.0
 Secondary education 42 27.6
 Tertiary education 11 7.2
Maternal occupation   
 Self-employed 63 41.4
 Employed 29 19.1
 Unemployed 60 39.5
Gravidity   2.1 ± 0.68
 Primigravida (1) 58 38.2
 Multigravida (1–5) 85 55.9
 Grandgravida (>5) 9 5.9
Gestational age at booking for ANC services   
 First trimester 15 9.9
 Second trimester 111 73.0
 Third trimester 26 17.1
HIV status   
 Positive 5 3.3
 Negative 147 96.7
UTI in pregnancy   
 Yes 18 11.8
 No 134 88.2
Antibiotics for UTI   
 Yes 5 27.8
 No 13 72.2
PPROM   
 Yes 9 5.9
 No 143 94.1
Duration of labour (hours)   15.2 ± 0.77
> 18 9 5.9
 ≤ 18 143 94.1
Mode of delivery   
 CS 7 4.6
 SVD 145 95.4
  1. PPROM preterm premature rupture of the membranes, HIV human immunodeficiency virus, UTI urinary tract infection, CS caeserean section, SVD spontaneous vaginal delivery, ANC antenatal clinic