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Table 4 Factors associated with underweight among children aged 5–10 years

From: Undernutrition and associated factors among children aged 5–10 years in West Bengal, India: a community-based cross-sectional study

 Variables   Underweight
% χ2 (p value) COR (95% CI) p value AOR (95% CI) p value
Sex Male 35.75 6.916 (0.009) 1.28 (1.06–1.54) 0.009 1.32 (1.09–1.6) 0.005
Female 30.31 Reference    
Age 5 29.04 9.611 (0.087) Reference    
6 30.92 1.09 (0.79–1.52) 0.592 1.19 (0.85–1.68) 0.31
7 30.98 1.1 (0.79–1.51) 0.576 1.31 (0.93–1.84) 0.125
8 33.17 1.21 (0.89–1.66) 0.226 1.58 (1.13–2.21) 0.008
9 36.23 1.39 (1–1.92) 0.048 1.73 (1.22–2.44) 0.002
10 38.97 1.56 (1.11–2.19) 0.01 1.69 (1.19–2.4) 0.004
Residence Rural 34.38 8.138 (0.004) 1.42 (1.11–1.82) 0.005 1.33 (1.03–1.72) 0.031
Urban 26.89 Reference    
Religion Hindu 31.84 5.982 (0.014) Reference    
Muslim 38.64 1.35 (1.06–1.71) 0.014 1.3 (1.01–1.68) 0.043
Cast Lower (SC and ST) 37.64 4.233 (0.04) 1.28 (1.1–1.62) 0.038 1.1 (0.85–1.4) 0.508
Other 32 Reference    
Occupational status of the father Laborer 37.95 32.318 (0.000) 1.74 (1.38–2.18) 0.000 1.44 (1–2.08) 0.049
Cultivator 37.84 1.73 (1.38–2.16) 0.000 1.68 (1.19–2.37) 0.003
Business/service 26.05 Reference    
Educational status of the father Illiterate or just able to sign 40.48 29.464 (0.000) 2.33 (1.7–3.18) 0.000 1.17 (0.6–1.56) 0.899
Up to primary 33.63 1.73 (1.31–2.29) 0.000 1.09 (0.65–1.5) 0.957
Secondary 33.64 1.71 (1.23–2.36) 0.001 1.23 (0.83–1.84) 0.302
Above secondary 20.74 Reference    
Occupational status of the mother Housewife 44.74 20.956 (0.000) Reference    
Laborer/cultivator 20.24 1.71 (1.29–2.27) 0.000 1.55 (1.13–2.12) 0.007
Business/service 32.08 0.54 (0.3–0.9) 0.025 0.84 (0.46–1.52) 0.572
Educational status of the mother Illiterate or just able to sign 39.02 41.329 (0.000) 2.65 (1.77–3.96) 0.000 1.62 (1.14–2.12) 0.032
Up to primary 34.73 2.2 (1.49–3.27) 0.000 1.59 (0.95–2.65) 0.08
Secondary 23.88 1.3 (0.83–2.03) 0.25 1.11 (0.68–1.83) 0.738
Above secondary 19.44 Reference    
Economic status Rs. ≤ 2000 37.41 33.336 (0.000) 1.98 (1.48–2.64) 0.000 1.33 (0.88–2.01) 0.171
Rs. 2001–4000 26.91 1.22 (0.87–1.71) 0.249 1.14 (0.63–1.49) 0.746
Rs. > 4000 23.2 Reference    
Family size ≤ 4 32.34 2.994 (0.224) 1.24 (0.85–1.79) 0.261 1.44 (0.97–2.13) 0.07
5–8 34.3 1.35 (0.94–1.94) 0.105 1.39 (0.95–2.03) 0.089
≥ 9 27.88 Reference    
Type of house Kutcha 38.08 22.956 (0.000) 1.73 (1.38–2.18) 0.000 1.05 (0.78–1.41) 0.765
Semi pucca 33.88 1.44 (1.14–1.83) 0.002 0.99 (0.75–1.33) 0.973
Pucca 26.19 Reference    
Availability of latrine Yes 31.05 22.123 (0.000) Reference    
No 45.65 1.86 (1.44–2.41) 0.000 1.53 (1.11–2.1) 0.01
Water source Tube well 35.28 8.682 (0.003) 1.34 (1.1–1.62) 0.003 1.19 (0.96–1.48) 0.105
Deep tube well 28.97 Reference    
SES Lower 36.71 30.118 (0.000) 2.72 (1.76–4.22) 0.000 1.42 (0.98–2.02) 0.048
Middle 29.11 1.93 (1.22–3.04) 0.005 1.17 (0.68–2.01) 0.575
Upper 17.57 Reference