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Table 3 Factors associated with stunting among children aged 5–10 years

From: Undernutrition and associated factors among children aged 5–10 years in West Bengal, India: a community-based cross-sectional study

 Variables   Stunting
% χ2 (p value) COR (95% CI) p value AOR (95% CI) p value
Sex Male 26.15 0.439 (0.508) 1.07 (0.88–1.3) 0.508 1.09 (0.89–1.34) 0.402
Female 24.88 Reference   
Age 5 20.06 44.117 (0.000) Reference   
6 17.05 0.82 (0.56–1.21) 0.313 0.83 (0.56–1.23) 0.351
7 22.28 1.14 (0.79–1.63) 0.472 1.21 (0.8–1.77) 0.319
8 27.4 1.5 (1.07–2.12) 0.02 1.71 (1.19–2.45) 0.004
9 33.83 2.04 (1.43–2.89) 0.000 2.39 (1.65–3.45) 0.000
10 34.19 2.07 (1.43–2.99) 0.000 2.26 (1.55–3.3) 0.000
Residence Rural 26.44 4.278 (0.039) 1.32 (1.01–1.72) 0.042 1.24 (0.94–1.64) 0.126
Urban 21.41 Reference   
Religion Hindu 24.91 1.845 (0.174) Reference   
Muslim 28.41 1.2 (0.93–1.54) 0.171 1.18 (0.89–1.55) 0.24
Cast Lower (SC and ST) 29.4 3.43 (0.064) 1.27 (0.99–1.63) 0.061 1.15 (0.88–1.52) 0.301
Other 24.68 Reference   
Occupational status of the father Laborer 28.55 5.745 (0.057) 1.34 (1.05–1.69) 0.018 1.07 (0.78–1.46) 0.686
Cultivator 26.07 1.18 (0.93–1.49) 0.175 1.08 (0.8–1.45) 0.609
Business/service 23.01 Reference   
Educational status of the father Illiterate or just able to sign 26.02 2.99 (0.393) 1.24 (0.89–1.73) 0.198 1.17 (0.86–1.64) 0.029
Up to primary 26.61 1.28 (0.96–1.71) 0.092 1.07 (0.71–1.46) 0.209
Secondary 26.04 1.22 (0.87–1.7) 0.25 1.09 (0.6–1.85) 0.606
Above secondary 21.05 Reference   
Occupational status of the mother Housewife 24.91 12.983 (0.002) Reference   
Laborer/cultivator 33.77 1.54 (1.14–2.06) 0.004 1.67 (1.19–2.34) 0.003
Business/service 15.48 0.55 (0.3–1.01) 0.053 0.72 (0.37–1.41) 0.339
Educational status of the mother Illiterate or just able to sign 28.73 11.884 (0.008) 2.01 (1.31–3.09) 0.001 1.46 (0.81–2.62) 0.211
Up to primary 25.44 1.71 (1.12–2.59) 0.013 1.43 (0.83–2.47) 0.196
Secondary 24.18 1.59 (1.01–2.54) 0.049 1.3 (0.85–2.39) 0.173
Above secondary 16.67 Reference   
Economic status Rs. ≤ 2000 28.23 14.898 (0.001) 1.65 (1.21–2.24) 0.002 1.77 (1.17–2.69) 0.007
Rs. 2001–4000 21.88 1.17 (0.82–1.68) 0.386 1.22 (0.81–1.84) 0.341
Rs. > 4000 19.28 Reference   
Family size ≤ 4 26.83 5.775 (0.056) 1.65 (1.08–2.52) 0.021 1.68 (1.08–2.64) 0.022
5–8 25.61 1.55 (1.02–2.35) 0.041 1.51 (0.98–2.34) 0.061
≥ 9 18.18 Reference   
Type of house Kutcha 28.76 6.843 (0.033) 1.35 (1.06–1.72) 0.014 1.15 (0.69–1.29) 0.738
Semi pucca 24.33 1.08 (0.84–1.39) 0.558 1.03 (0.61–1.13) 0.228
Pucca 22.96 Reference   
Availability of latrine Yes 24.86 2.878 (0.09) Reference   
No 29.71 1.28 (0.97–1.69) 0.086 1.15 (0.81–1.63) 0.442
Water source Tube well 27.78 10.116 (0.001) 1.4 (1.14–1.74) 0.002 1.33 (1.05–1.69) 0. 016
Deep tube well 21.50 Reference   
SES Lower 27.59 21.239 (0.000) 2.94 (1.75–4.94) 0.000 2.55 (1.19–5.48) 0.016
Middle 24.57 2.51 (1.47–4.29) 0.001 2.36 (1.28–4.36) 0.006
Upper 11.49 Reference