Skip to main content

Table 3 Comparison between patients with negative and positive results for the total internalizing subscale of PSC as regards variable risk factors

From: Psychosocial assessment and quality of life assessment in children with congenital heart in a developing country

Risk factors Internalizing subscale results Test of significance
(p value)
Negative
(n = 195)
Positive
(n = 29)
Age at study (months)
 Mean ± SD 100.73 ± 44.82 91.07 ± 31.33 Z(MW) = 0.628
 Median (IQR) 86 (66–116) 80 (65–102) p = 0.530
Gender
 Male 107 (47.8%) 15 (6.69%) X2(Y)(df = 1) = 0.014
 Female 88 (39. 28%) 14 (6.25%) p(Y) = 0.906
Cardiac operation
 Not operated 93 (41.52%) 10 (4.46%)  
 Palliative surgery 10 (4.46%) 12 (5.36%) X2(df = 3) = 37.815
 Corrective surgery 91 (40.62%) 7 (3.125%) p(MC) = 0.000*
 complications 0 (0.0%) 1 (0.45%)  
Heart failure
 Negative 164 (73.2%) 16 (7.14%) X2(Y)(df = 1) = 11.616
 Controlled 31 (13.84%) 13 (5.8%) p(Y) = 0.001*
Cyanosis
 Negative 184 (82.1%) 7 (3.125%) X2(Y)(df = 1) = 93.587
 Positive 11 (4.91%) 22 (9.82%) p(Y) = 0.000*
  1. SD Standard deviation IQR Interquartile range MW Mann-Whitney U test Y Yate (continuity) correction MC Monte Carlo test *: Statistically significant (p < 0.05)