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Table 5 Clinical features in relation to age

From: Egyptian pediatric clinical practice guidelines for urinary tract infections in infants and children (evidence based)

Age group

Symptoms and signs

Infants and preverbal children

Fever, vomiting, lethargy, irritability, poor feeding, failure to thrive, abdominal pain, jaundice, hematuria, offensive urine, crying on passing urine

Verbal children

Dysuria, frequency, urgency, new-onset incontinence, abdominal or flank pain, suprapubic discomfort, vomiting, fever, hematuria, cloudy or offensive urine