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Table 1 Demographic and laboratory characteristics of the study group by gender

From: Prevalence and pattern of dyslipidemia in an Egyptian children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes

  Males (n = 358) Females (n = 448) P value
Age (years), median (range) 11.8 (2.8–17.7) 12.3 (2.6–18) 0.14
Age of diabetes onset (years), median (range) 6 (1–15.1) 6.4 (1–15) 0.34
Diabetes duration (years), median (range) 5 (1–17) 5 (1–15.2) 0.58
Insulin dose (U/kg/day), mean ± SD 1.3 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.8 0.06
Weight SDS, mean ± SD − 0.8 ± 1.3 − 0.7 ± 1.1 0.23
Height SDS, mean ± SD − 1.25 ± 1.3 − 1.43 ± 1.4 0.06
BMI SDS, mean ± SD − 0.8 ± 1.21 − 1 ± 1.7 0.06
TC (mg/dl), mean ± SD 153.57 ± 45.23 158.71 ± 45.38 0.12
TG (mg/dl), mean ± SD 80.6 ± 39.73 86.39 ± 36.94 0.03*
LDL (mg/dl), mean ± SD 96.57 ± 32.41 98.73 ± 31.96 0.35
HDL (mg/dl), mean ± SD 51.24 ± 16.1 52.25 ± 19.78 0.43
HbA1c (%), mean ± SD 8.75 ± 1.77 8.75 ± 1.81 0.97
Dyslipidemia, frequency (%) 243 (67.88%) 325 (72.54%) 0.15
  1. *P value < 0.05 is considered significant, TC total cholesterol, TG triglycerides, LDL low-density lipoprotein, HDL high-density lipoprotein, HbA1c glycosylated hemoglobin, BMI body mass index, SDS standard deviation score