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Table 7 Serum iron, serum vitamin D, and serum zinc levels compared to normal range in different severity of pneumonia

From: Role of vitamin D, serum zinc, and serum iron deficiency in community-acquired pneumonia in children

  Mild (n = 17) Moderate (n = 10) Severe (n = 4) Chi-square test value P value
Iron level Adequate (60-170μg/dl) 17 (100.0%) 10 (100.0%) 4 (100.0%) NA NA
Inadequate 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)
Vit. D level Sufficient (˃ 60 nmol/L) 6 (35.3%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 15.360 0.004
Insufficient (30-60 nmol/L) 9 (52.9%) 4 (40.0%) 0 (0.0%)
Deficient (˂ 30 nmol/L) 2 (11.8%) 6 (60.0%) 4 (100.0%)
Zinc level Adequate (70-120μg/dl) 12 (70.6%) 10 (100.0%) 3 (75.0%) 3.583 0.167
Inadequate 5 (29.4%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (25.0%)