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Table 3 Comparison between patients who did not receive shock therapy in both groups (0.9% versus 0.45% saline) regarding different laboratory parameters

From: Outcome of the use of 0.9% saline versus 0.45% saline for fluid rehydration in moderate and severe diabetic ketoacidosis in children

Laboratory variables Timing (hours) Group 1
0.9% NS
(N=15)
Mean ± SD
Group2
0.45% NS (N=25)
Mean ± SD
P value
PH 0 7.14 ± 0.07 7.13 ± 0.06 0.60
4 7.21 ± 0.09 7.22 ± 0.05 0.62
8 7.29 ± 0.09 7.26 ± 0.04 0.42
12 7.32 ± 0.04 7.34 ± 0.04 0.56
HCO3 (meq/L) 0 8.4 ± 1.6 8.02 ± 1.8 0.49
4 10.05 ± 2.8 9.41 ± 2.1 0.42
8 13.3 ± 3.01 11.4 ± 1.9 0.07
12 13.25 ± 2.8 12.6 ± 1.3 0.67
Serum Na (meq/L) 0 133.8 ± 3.8 134 ± 4.2 0.85
4 136.3 ± 5.7 135.4 ± 5.3 0.62
8 136.3 ± 4.6 136.3 ± 6.6 0.98
Corrected Na (meq/L) 0 141.8 ± 4.7 142 ± 4.6 0.91
4 140.8 ± 5.2 142.3 ± 5.1 0.37
8 141.1 ± 6.1 136.3 ± 4.6 0.40
CL (meq/L) 0 102.4 ± 4.9 102.7 ± 4.3 0.86
4 104.7 ± 3.8 102.6 ± 3.5 0.12
8 107.6 ± 4.8 103.6 ± 4.2 0.08
CL:Na ratio 0 0.77 ± 0.03 0.76 ± 0.02 0.94
4 0.76 ± 0.01 0.75 ± 0.02 0.21
8 0.79 ± 0.01 0.76 ± 0.03 0.007
Anion gap 0 23.6 ± 2.9 22.8 ± 2.9 0.48
4 21.4 ± 5.02 23.7 ± 4.03 0.16
8 13.8 ± 2.03 11.4 ± 1.9 0.000
BHOH 0 4.8 ± 0.94 5.32 ± 1.6 0.26
4 3.9 ± 1.1 4.2 ± 1.3 0.48
8 3.07 ± 0.88 3.4 ± 1. 0.43
Hyperchloremia
n (%)
0 2 (13.3%) 2 (8%) 0.63
4 2 (13.3%) 1 (4%) 0.22
8 2 (13.3) 2 (8%) 0.63
Duration of DKA resolution (hours) 9.87 ± 3.58 8.80 ± 3.317 0.34