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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the studied neonates

From: Sepsis profile and outcome of preterm neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care unit of Cairo University Hospital

Variables All cases n = 153 EOS n = 63 LOS n = 90 p value
Gestational age (weeks) 31 ± 2 31 ± 3 31 ± 2 0.035
Male sex 86 (56.2%) 40 (63.5%) 46 (51.1%) 0.129
Birth weight (g) 1490 ±411 1486 ± 455 1494 ± 381 0.91
 Incredibly low birth weight (< 750) 1 (0.7%) 1 (1.6%) 0 (0.0%) 0.571
 Extremely low birth weight (< 1000) 10 (6.5%) 5 (7.9%) 5 (5.6%)
 Very low birth weight (1000–1499) 74 (48.4%) 31 (49.2%) 43 (47.8%)
 Moderately low birth weight (1500–2499) 65 (42.5%) 24 (38.1%) 41 (45.6%)
 Normal birth weight (2500–3999) 3 (2%) 2 (3.2%) 1 (1.1%)  
SGA 15 (9.8%) 7 (11.1%) 8 (8.9%) 0.666
Multiple gestation 37 (24.2%) 12 (19.0%) 25 (27.8%) 0.215
Cesarean section 46 (30.1%) 20 (31.7%) 26 (28.9%) 0.704
Apgar score
 1 min 3 (0–8) 3 (0–7) 4 (0–8) 0.016
 5 min 5 (2–9) 5 (2–9) 6 (2–9) 0.114
 10 min 8 (4–10) 7 (5–10) 8 (4–10) 0.061
Duration of mechanical ventilation (days) 7 (0–54) 6 (0-28) 2 (0-54) 0.865
Length of hospital stay 24 ± 22 20 ± 27 26 ± 18 0.132
Deaths 79 (51.6%) 40 (63.5%) 39 (43.3%) 0.014
  1. EOS early-onset sepsis, LOS late-onset sepsis
  2. Data are presented as mean ± SD, number (%), median (range)