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Table 2 The scores of different sources of academic stress among high-school adolescents in Qazvin City, Iran (n = 1724)

From: Sources of academic stress among Iranian adolescents: a multilevel study from Qazvin City, Iran

Variables   Financial issues Parents’ involvement Peer pressure School’s regulations Academic
competition
Interaction with teacher Future uncertainty Educational system Home life Total academic stress
Gender Female 46.3
(44.3, 48.3)
43.4
(42.0, 44.7)
31.3
(29.9, 32.6)
36.3
(34.9, 37.8)
59.4
(57.8, 61.0)
58.4
(57.3, 59.7)
72.1
(70.8, 73.5)
43.2
(41.8, 44.5)
27.5
(26.4, 28.5)
36.3
(46.0, 47.0)
  Male 48.4
(46.5, 50.3)
51.5
(50.1, 52.8)
34.4
(33.1, 35.7)
36.2
(34.9, 37.6)
57.6
(56.1, 59.2)
53.8
(52.7, 55.0)
67.4
(66.0, 68.9)
45.7
(44.4, 47.1)
31.02
(29.9, 32.2)
45.18
(44.0, 46.0)
Educational period First 44.9
(43.1, 46.9)
48.2
(46.8, 49.5)
32.8
(31.4, 34.1)
32.2
(31.1, 33.4)
63.1
(61.7, 64.6)
53.4
(52.2, 54.5)
67.5
(66.1, 68.8)
40.7
(39.5, 42.0)
26.5
(25.4, 27.5)
44.1
(43.4, 44.9)
  Second 49.9
(48.1, 5.9)
46.6
(45.2, 48.0)
32.9
(31.6, 34.2)
40.7
(30.2, 42.2)
53.4
(51.7, 55.0)
59.2
(58.0, 60.3)
72.3
(71.0, 73.7)
48.5
(47.1, 49.9)
32.3
(31.1, 33.4)
47.5
(46.7, 48.3)
School type Governmental 50.3
(48.5, 52.0)
47.3
(46.0, 48.5)
32.5
(31.2, 33.7)
35.5
(34.2, 36.8)
58.8
(57.3, 60.2)
57.0
(55.9, 58.1)
69.7
(68.5, 71.0)
42.4
(41.2, 43.6)
29.9
(28.9, 31.0)
45.7
(45.0, 46.4)
  Special 43.5
(40.8, 46.2)
47.5
(45.6, 49.5)
33.6
(31.7, 35.4)
41.2
(39.2, 43.3)
57.2
(54.9, 59.5)
57.9
(56.2, 59.7)
69.4
(67.4, 71.4)
49.0
(47.1, 51.1)
28.2
(26.6, 29.8)
46.5
(45.4, 47.7)
  Private 42.8
(39.7, 46.1)
47.7
(45.0, 41.5)
32.9
(30.6, 35.0)
31.7
(29.6, 33.7)
59.5
(56.8, 62.2)
50.7
(48.8, 52.5)
70.4
(68.0, 72.8)
44.7
(42.4, 47.0)
28.4
(26.6, 30.1)
44.7
(43.4, 46.0)
Family SES High 39.5
(37.9, 41.8)
47.5
(45.8, 49.1)
30.5
(28.9, 32.2)
37.2
(35.5, 38.9)
57.8
(55.9, 59.7)
54.1
(52.6, 55.6)
67.8
(67.1, 70.5)
44.9
(42.4, 47.0)
25.8
(24.5, 27.1)
44.2
(43.2, 45.1)
  Moderate 46.7
(44.5, 49.1)
46.8
(45.2, 48.4)
32.5
(31.0, 34.0)
36.1
(34.4, 37.7)
58.1
(56.9, 60.0)
55.9
(54.4, 57.3)
69.7
(68.0, 71.4)
43.7
(42.1,45.4)
28.2
(26.9, 29.5)
45.2
(44.3,46.1)
  Low 55.7
(53.5, 58.0)
48.0
(46.2, 49.7)
35.4
(33.8, 37.0)
35.5
(33.8, 37.2)
59.5
(57.5, 61.5)
58.4
(57.0, 59.9)
70.8
(69.1, 72.5)
44.9
(43.2, 47.0)
33.7
(32.2, 35.2)
47.8
(46.9,48.8)