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Table 3 Cognitive functions and oxidative stress parameters among children with idiopathic short stature subgroups with and without vitamin D deficiency

From: Effect of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D and antioxidant capacity level on cognitive function parameters of children with idiopathic short stature

Variable (mean ± SD)ISS with vitamin D deficiency (N = 50)ISS without vitamin D deficiency (N = 10)P value
Non-verbal IQ97.54 ± 9.36104.33 ± 2.730.0275*
Verbal IQ103.54 ± 8.57107.67 ± 6.710.156
Full-scale IQ101.08 ± 7.71106.33 ± 4.500.0425*
Fluid reasoning98.67 ± 11.77102.67 ± 2.250.2918
Knowledge99.92 ± 7.97106.67 ± 5.680.0136*
Quantitative reasoning104.54 ± 7.47111.33 ± 5.090.0081*
Visuospatial100.54 ± 8.22107 ± 3.220.0180*
Working memory98.5 ± 8.99101.67 ± 7.60.3021
TAC (mmol/L)1.36 ± 0.572.025 ± 0.470.001**
TOS (μmol/L)0.3 ± 0.150.4 ± 0.270.1
OSI21.26 ± 11.6520.53 ± 14.70.86
  1. ISS idiopathic short stature, IQ intelligence quotient, TAC total antioxidant capacity, TOS total oxidant status, OSI oxidative stress index
  2. *P value < 0.05
  3. **P value < 0.001