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Table 1 Demographic and resuscitative data of the studied population

From: Patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants; experience of a tertiary referral neonatal intensive care unit: prevalence, complications, and management

  PDA Non-PDA P value
N = 87 N = 65
Sex Female 45(51.7%) 31(47.7%) 0.623
Male 42(48.3%) 34(52.3%)
Gestational age (weeks) 31.4 ± 2.2 31.9 ± 1.7 0.141
Birth weight (kg) 1.5 ± 0.4 1.5 ± 0.3 0.519
NVD 24(27.6%) 26 (40%) 0.107
CS 63(72.4%) 39 (60%)
PIH 13(14.9%) 5 (7.7%) 0.171
PROM 23(26.4%) 18(27.7%) 0.863
APH 12(13.8%) 0 (0%) 0.002
Maternal steroids 36(41.4%) 28(43.1%) 0.834
Apgar score less than 5 at 1 min 27 (31%) 11(16.9%) 0.047
Resuscitative measure Routine care 33(37.9%) 39 (60%) 0.06
Free flow oxygen 33(37.9%) 16(24.6%)
PPV 17(19.5%) 9 (13.8%)
Cardiac compression 4 (4.6%) 1 (1.5%)
Length of NICU stay(day) 17 ± 5 20.5 ± 6.9 0.176
Outcome (death) 44 (50.6%) 21 (32.3%) 0.021
  1. p value is considered significant if < 0.05
  2. Abbreviations: NVD Normal vaginal delivery, CS Cesarean section, PIH Pregnancy-induced hypertension, PROM Premature rupture of membrane, APH Anti-partum hemorrhage