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Table 1 The patients’ demographics, clinical characteristics, and staging

From: Surgical aspects, violations and outcomes of Wilms tumor—a multicenter study in a resource-limited country

Parameters N (%)
Gender  
 Male 21 (56.8%)
 Female 16 (43.2%)
Age  
 Under 3 years 20 (54.1%)
 Above 3 years 17 (45.9%)
Main mode of presentation  
 Palpable abdominal mass 20 (54.1%)
 Increased abdominal girth and distention 6 (16.2%)
 Abdominal pain 5 (13.5%)
 Hematuria 3 (8.1%)
 Recurrent fever 3 (8.1%)
Metastases at diagnosis  
 Metastatic (lung) 4 (10.8%)
 Non-metastatic 33 (89.2%)
Tumor side  
 Left 20 (54.1%)
 Right 17 (45.9%)
Associated anomalies  
 No 32 (86.5%)
 Inguinal hernia 3 (8.1%)
 Undescended testicles 1 (2.7%)
 Hypospadias 1 (2.7%)
Staging according to COG  
 I 12 (32.4%)
 II 11 (29.7%)
 III 10 (27%)
 IV 4 (10.8%)
Histopathology  
 Favorable 33 (89.2%)
 Unfavorable 4 (10.8%)