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Table 3 Outcome of the studied neonates (n = 250)

From: Outcome of late preterm newborns in Upper Egypt

VariableLate preterm (n = 70)Full term (n = 180)pOdds ratio for outcome (95% CI)
Apgar score
 At 1 min mean ± SD5.2 ± 1.75.7 ± 1.20.015 (t)* 
 At 5 min mean ± SD7.7 ± 1.59.1 ± 1.10.033 (t)*4.93 (2.17–11.18)
Feeding pattern
 Breast13 (18.6%)100 (55.6%)< 0.001 (χ2)* 
 Formula43 (61.4%)19 (10.6%) 
 Mixed14 (20.0%)61 (33.9%) 
NICU admission
 Yes37 (52.9%)48 (26.7%)< 0.001 (χ2)*3.08 (1.74–5.47)
Duration of admission (days)
 Mean ± SD6.9 ± 2.44.3 ± 1.9< 0.001 (t)* 
Readmission
 Yes3 (4.3%)4 (2.2%)0.375 (χ2) 
Mortality
 Yes3 (4.3%)1 (0.6%)0.035 (χ2)* 
Indications of NICU admission
 Respiratory diseases23 (32.9%)25 (13.9%)< 0.001 (χ2)* 
 Neonatal jaundice24 (34.3%)14 (7.8%)< 0.001 (χ2)* 
 Phototherapy duration for jaundice (days)3.9 ± 1.63.8 ± 1.40.492 (t) 
 Hypothermia3 (4.3%)0 (0.0%)  
 Early onset sepsis2 (2.9%)1 (0.6%)0.141 (χ2) 
 Late onset sepsis6 (8.6%)8 (4.4%)0.194 (χ2) 
 Hypoglycemia6 (8.6%)3 (1.7%)0.009 (χ2)* 
 Hypocalcemia5 (7.1%)5 (2.8%)0.119 (χ2) 
 Convulsions3 (4.3%)1 (0.6%)0.038 (χ2)* 
 Bleeding tendency2 (2.9%)1 (0.6%)0.141 (χ2) 
 Congenital heart disease3 (4.3%)5 (2.8%)0.546 (χ2) 
  1. SD standard deviation, t independent samples t test, χ2 chi square test for independence
  2. *Significant p value < 0.05